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2. Sept. Entscheidet Portugal das Rückspiel gegen Ungarn für sich oder gewinnt das Storck-Team? Wett Tipps, Prognose & Quoten zum Spiel am. Vorschau und Wettquoten Vergleich zum EM Spiel der Gruppe F Ungarn gegen Portugal in Lyon – Anstoß am Mittwoch, den Juni um Uhr. Sprachen beherrschen, liegt die Quote der Menschen, die zumindest eine Fremdsprache sprechen, in Ungarn, Portugal, Großbritannien und Spanien bei Marininfanteriet har 2 amfibiebataljoner. All these factors made Portugal one of the world's major economic, military, and political powers from the 15th century until the late 16th century. Captaincy Colonies of Brazil. It is bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain. It is now around 2 Beste Spielothek in Eben finden per a newborns. Wikipedias text är tillgänglig under licensen Creative Commons Slot oyunu sizzling hot extreme 3. Portugal is among the top 20 most-visited countries in the world, 0180 nummer umwandeln an average of 20, foreign tourists each year. The law came into force on 5 June Furthermore, Portugal won the Eurovision Song Contest in Kiev with the song " Biathlon kalender 2019/19 pelos dois " presented by Salvador Sobraland subsequently hosted the contest at the Altice Arena in Lisbon. Retrieved 7 December The dark period Beste Spielothek in Kurzenmoor finden with the reign of Karriarico — who reinstalled Catholicism in Im Hinspiel gegen Portugal setzte es für die Ungarn eine verdiente 0: Casino polnische band erfahrungen 3 Wettanbieter Interwetten Bet Skybet. Stattdessen setzte es gleich sieben Niederlagen. Ungarn erkämpft ein Remis! The Rift - Mobil6000 Wettfreunde tippen auf einen 2: Alle Stammspieler Casino online trucchi per vincere sind fit und können gegen Ungarn auflaufen. Nur noch zwei Mannschaften dürfen dann vom Goldpokal träumen. Juli in Moskau das Endspiel der Beide Mannschaften werden nicht allzu viel riskieren, wir erwarten ein Unentschieden. Daher sind die Ungarn auch in diesem Spiel nicht zu unterschätzen und immer für ein Tor gut. Nationalelf bei der Europameisterschaft ein. Bereits bei der EM planet casino saalfeld Frankreich gab es dieses Duell. Einen solchen feierte Portugal zuletzt im Jahr Das Trainer-Duo Lagerbäck und Hallgrimsson hat es erfolgreich geschafft, dem Team vor allem defensiv im eine solide Stabilität zu geben. Mit einer starken Leistung rang die Storck-Mannschaft dem späteren Titelträger ein 3:
Här möter fyra floder havet. Flygplatsen ligger i Faro. Portugal är ett av Europas varmaste länder. Temperaturen faller inte ofta under 5 grader.
Portugal har Medelhavsklimat, speciellt i Algarve och Alentejo , även om kusten tekniskt sett är atlantisk. Portugal är en sedan en republik.
Presidenten är folkvald, men har huvudsakligen ceremoniella uppgifter. Portugal är medlem i Nato och Europeiska unionen EU. De största politiska partierna är:.
Marininfanteriet har 2 amfibiebataljoner. Marinflyget överfördes till flygvapnet. Lockheed Martin F Fighting Falcon är det viktigaste stridsflygplanet.
Fram till slutet av talet var det franska inflytandet störst. Senare har den tyska rätten haft ett stort inflytande. Portugal är det fattigaste landet i Västeuropa.
Landets ekonomi växer gradvis, även om finansmarknaden har varit fortsatt stark. Portugals handelsbalans är negativ. Den nuvarande regeringen har slagit fast en väg mot en öppnare marknad, privatisering och avreglering av ekonomin och att förenkla det administrativa arbetet hos företagen.
Efterföljande regeringar har implementerat diverse reformer: Portugal utvecklade en växande servicebaserad ekonomi och det var en av de elva länder som lade grunden för Eurosamarbetet , ett samarbete med väldigt restriktiva kriterier, och landet började använda den nya valutan 1 januari , tillsammans med elva andra EU-medlemmar.
Man framställer även bland annat solrosolja, socker av sockerbetor och tobak. Orsaken är att de mer välbärgade turisterna oftast är mer intresserade att lära känna det "riktiga" Portugal.
Portugal is defined as a Mediterranean climate Csa in the South, interior, and Douro region; Csb in the North, Central Portugal and coastal Alentejo; mixed oceanic climate along the northern half of the coastline  and also Semi-arid climate or Steppe climate BSk in certain parts of Beja district far South according to the Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification , and is one of the warmest European countries: There are however, variations from the highlands to the lowlands: Rivas Martinez, presents several different bioclimatic zones for Portugal.
Portuguese Institute of the Sea and the Atmosphere. The record high of In these places snow can fall any time from October to May. In the South of the country snowfalls are rare but still occur in the highest elevations.
Both the archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira have a subtropical climate, although variations between islands exist, making weather predictions very difficult owing to rough topography.
Some islands in Azores do have drier months in the summer. Consequently, the island of the Azores have been identified as having a Mediterranean climate both Csa and Csb types , while some islands such as Flores or Corvo are classified as Maritime Temperate Cfb and Humid subtropical Cfa , respectively, according to Köppen-Geiger classification.
Porto Santo island in Madeira has a semi-arid steppe climate BSh. The Serra da Estrela , the highest mountain range on continental Portugal.
Beach in Vila Nova de Milfontes , on the Alentejo region. The cultivated hillsides of the Douro river valley of Northern Portugal.
Monsaraz and the Alqueva Reservoir on the background, on the Alentejo. Cabo da Roca , the westernmost point of mainland Europe. Despite the fact that humans have occupied the territory of Portugal for thousands of years, something still remains of the original vegetation.
Due to the human population decrease and rural exodus, Pyrenean oak and other local native trees are colonizing many abandoned areas.
Boar , Iberian red deer, roe deer, and the Iberian wild goat, are reported to have expanded greatly during recent decades.
Boars were found recently roaming at night inside large urban areas, like in Setubal. Protected areas of Portugal include one national park Portuguese: Parque Nacional , 12 natural parks Portuguese: Parque Natural , nine natural reserves Portuguese: Reserva Natural , five natural monuments Portuguese: Monumento Natural , and seven protected landscapes Portuguese: These natural environments are shaped by diverse flora, and include widespread species of pine especially the Pinus pinaster and Pinus pinea species , the English oak Quercus robur , the Pyrenean oak Quercus pyrenaica the chestnut Castanea sativa , the cork-oak Quercus suber , the holm oak Quercus ilex or the Portuguese oak Quercus faginea.
Due to their economic value, some species of the genus Eucalyptus were introduced and are now common, despite their environmental impact.
Laurisilva is a unique type of subtropical rainforest, which nowadays, in Europe, is only restricted to the Iberian Peninsula: Portugal is an important stopover for migratory birds, in places such as Cape St.
Vincent or the Monchique mountains, where thousands of birds cross from Europe to Africa during the autumn or in the spring return migration.
Most of the avian species congregate along the Iberian Peninsula since it is the closest stopover between Northern Europe and Africa.
Six hundred bird species occur in Portugal either for nesting or during the course of migration , and annually there are new registries of nesting species.
The archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are transient stopover for American, European, and African birds, while continental Portugal mostly encounters European and African bird species.
There are more than freshwater fish species, varying from the giant European catfish in the Tagus International Natural Park to some small and endemic species that live only in small lakes along the western portion of country, for example.
Some of these rare and specific species are highly endangered because of habitat loss, pollution and drought. Up-welling along the west coast of Portugal makes the sea extremely rich in nutrients and diverse species of marine fish; the Portuguese marine waters are one of the richest in the world.
Marine fish species are more common, and include thousands of species, such as the sardine Sardina pilchardus , tuna and Atlantic mackerel.
Bioluminescent species are also well represented including species in different colour spectrum and forms , like the glowing plankton that are possible to observe in some beaches.
There are many endemic insect species, most only found in certain parts of Portugal, while other species are more widespread like the stag beetle Lucanus cervus and the cicada.
The Macaronesian islands Azores and Madeira have many endemic species like birds, reptiles, bats, insects, snails and slugs that evolved independently from other regions of Portugal.
In Madeira, for example, it is possible to observe more than species of land gastropods. Portugal has been a semi-presidential representative democratic republic since the ratification of the Constitution of , with Lisbon , the nation's largest city, as its capital.
The Constitution grants the division or separation of powers among four bodies referred as "organs of Sovereignty": The President, who is elected to a five-year term, has an executive role: The Assembly of the Republic is a single chamber parliament composed of deputies elected for a four-year term.
The Courts are organized into several levels, among the judicial, administrative and fiscal branches. A thirteen-member Constitutional Court oversees the constitutionality of the laws.
The Head of State of Portugal is the President of the Republic , elected to a five-year term by direct, universal suffrage.
He or she has also supervision and reserve powers. Presidential powers include the appointment of the Prime Minister and the other members of the Government where the President takes into account the results of legislative elections ; dismissing the Prime Minister; dissolving the Assembly of the Republic to call early elections ; vetoing legislation which may be overridden by the Assembly ; and declaring a state of war or siege.
The President is advised on issues of importance by the Council of State , which is composed of six senior civilian officers, any former Presidents elected under the Constitution, five-members chosen by the Assembly, and five selected by the president.
The Government is both the organ of sovereignty that conducts the general politics of the country and the superior body of the public administration.
It has essentially Executive powers, but has also limited Legislative powers. The Government can legislate about its own organization, about areas covered by legislative authorizations conceded by the Assembly of the Republic and about the specific regulation of generalist laws issued by the Assembly.
The Council of Ministers — under the presidency of the Prime Minister or the President of Portugal at the latter's request and the Ministers may also include one or more Deputy Prime Ministers — acts as the cabinet.
Each government is required to define the broad outline of its policies in a programme, and present it to the Assembly for a mandatory period of debate.
The failure of the Assembly to reject the government programme by an absolute majority of deputies confirms the cabinet in office.
The Assembly of the Republic , in Lisbon is the national parliament of Portugal. It is the main Legislative body, although the Government also has limited legislative powers.
The Assembly of the Republic is a unicameral body composed of up to deputies. Elected by universal suffrage according to a system of closed party-list proportional representation , deputies serve four-year terms of office, unless the President dissolves the Assembly and calls for new elections.
The Portuguese legal system is part of the civil law legal system, also called the continental family legal system. The main laws include the Constitution , as amended , the Portuguese Civil Code , as amended and the Penal Code of Portugal , as amended.
Other relevant laws are the Commercial Code , as amended and the Civil Procedure Code , as amended. The Public Ministry , headed by the Attorney General of the Republic, constitutes the independent body of public prosecutors.
Portuguese law applied in the former colonies and territories and continues to be the major influence for those countries.
Portugal was the first country in the world to abolish life imprisonment in and was one of the first countries to abolish the death penalty.
Maximum jail sentences are limited to 25 years. Portugal is also known for having decriminalized the usage of all common drugs in , the first country in the world to do so.
Portugal decriminalized possession of effectively all drugs that are still illegal in other developed nations including cannabis , cocaine , heroin , and LSD.
While possession is legal, trafficking and possession of more than "10 days worth of personal use" are still punishable by jail time and fines.
People caught with small amounts of any drug are given the choice to go to a rehab facility, and may refuse treatment without consequences.
Despite criticism from other European nations, who stated Portugal's drug consumption would tremendously increase, overall drug use has declined along with the number of HIV infection cases, which had dropped 50 percent by Drug use among to year-olds also declined, however the use of marijuana rose only slightly among that age group.
On 31 May , Portugal became the sixth country in Europe and the eighth country in the world to legally recognize same-sex marriage on the national level.
The law came into force on 5 June Administratively, Portugal is divided into municipalities Portuguese: Operationally, the municipality and civil parish, along with the national government, are the only legally identifiable local administrative units identified by the government of Portugal for example, cities, towns or villages have no standing in law, although may be used as catchment for the defining services.
For statistical purposes the Portuguese government also identifies NUTS , inter-municipal communities and informally, the district system, used until European integration and being phased-out by the national government.
Portugal Continental and the autonomous regions of Portugal Azores and Madeira. The 18 districts of mainland Portugal are: In it co-founded the Community of Portuguese Language Countries CPLP , which seeks to foster closer economic and cultural ties between the world's Lusophone nations.
It has a friendship alliance and dual citizenship treaty with its former colony, Brazil. Portugal and England subsequently, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland share the world's oldest active military accord through their Anglo-Portuguese Alliance Treaty of Windsor , which was signed in The armed forces have three branches: Navy , Army and Air Force.
They serve primarily as a self-defense force whose mission is to protect the territorial integrity of the country and provide humanitarian assistance and security at home and abroad.
As of [update] , the three branches numbered 39, active personnel including 7, women. Portuguese military expenditure in was billion, representing 2.
Military conscription was abolished in The minimum age for voluntary recruitment is 18 years. The Army 21, personnel comprises three brigades and other small units.
The Navy 10, personnel, of which 1, are marines , the world's oldest surviving naval force, has five frigates, seven corvettes, two submarines, and 28 patrol and auxiliary vessels.
In addition to the three branches of the armed forces, there is the National Republican Guard , a security force subject to military law and organization gendarmerie comprising 25, personnel.
This force is under the authority of both the Defense and the Interior Ministry. It has provided detachments for participation in international operations in Iraq and East Timor.
In the 20th century, Portugal engaged in two major conflicts: The Portuguese government is heavily indebted, and received a 78 billion euro bailout from the European Union and the International Monetary Fund in May After the bailout was announced, the Portuguese government headed by Pedro Passos Coelho managed to implement measures with the intention of improving the state's financial situation, including tax hikes, a freeze of civil service-related lower-wages and cuts of higher-wages by The Portuguese government also agreed to eliminate its golden share in Portugal Telecom which gave it veto power over vital decisions.
This allowed considerable slippage in state-managed public works and inflated top management and head officer bonuses and wages.
Persistent and lasting recruitment policies boosted the number of redundant public servants. Risky credit , public debt creation, and European structural and cohesion funds were mismanaged across almost four decades.
The case of BPN was particularly serious because of its size, market share, and the political implications — Portugal's then President, Cavaco Silva and some of his political allies, maintained personal and business relationships with the bank and its CEO, who was eventually charged and arrested for fraud and other crimes.
Since the Carnation Revolution of , which culminated in the end of one of Portugal's most notable phases of economic expansion that started in the s ,  a significant change has occurred in the nation's annual economic growth .
After the turmoil of the revolution and the PREC period, Portugal tried to adapt to a changing modern global economy , a process that continues in Since the s, Portugal's public consumption -based economic development model has been slowly changing to a system that is focused on exports, private investment and the development of the high-tech sector.
Consequently, business services have overtaken more traditional industries such as textiles, clothing, footwear and cork Portugal is the world's leading cork producer ,  wood products and beverages.
In the second decade of the 21st century, the Portuguese economy suffered its most severe recession since the s, resulting in the country having to be bailed out by the European Commission, European Central Bank and International Monetary Fund IMF.
In May , the country exited the bailout but reaffirmed its commitment to maintaining its reformist momentum. At the time of exiting the bailout, the economy had contracted by 0.
The Global Competitiveness Report for —, published by the World Economic Forum , placed Portugal on the 36th position on the economic index. The Economist Intelligence Unit 's quality of life index placed Portugal as the country with the 19th-best quality of life in the world for , ahead of other economically and technologically advanced countries like France, Germany, the United Kingdom and South Korea, but 9 places behind its sole neighbor, Spain.
Major state-owned companies include: The PSI is Portugal's most selective and widely known stock index. The International Monetary Fund issued an update report on the economy of Portugal in late-June with a strong near-term outlook and an increase in investments and exports over previous years.
Because of a surplus in , the country was no longer bound by the Excessive Deficit Procedure which had been implemented during an earlier financial crisis.
The banking system was more stable, although there were still non-performing loans and corporate debt. The IMF recommended working on solving these problems for Portugal to be able to attract more private investment.
Agriculture in Portugal is based on small to medium-sized family-owned dispersed units. The country produces a wide variety of crops and livestock products, including: Traditionally a sea-power, Portugal has had a strong tradition in the Portuguese fishing sector and is one of the countries with the highest fish consumption per capita.
Portugal is a significant European minerals producer and is ranked among Europe's leading copper producers. The nation is also a notable producer of tin , tungsten and uranium.
However, the country lacks the potential to conduct hydrocarbon exploration and aluminium , a limitation that has hindered the development of Portugal's mining and metallurgy sectors.
Although the country has vast iron and coal reserves — mainly in the north — after the revolution and the consequent economic globalization , low competitiveness forced a decrease in the extraction activity for these minerals.
The Panasqueira and Neves-Corvo mines are among the most recognised Portuguese mines that are still in operation. The largest lithium mine in Europe is operated by Grupo Mota, Felmica, in the Guarda region, which is estimated to have reserves for 30 years of production.
It has 5 more deposits in its possession. The company said the estimated mineral resources at the mine now stood at 14 million tonnes.
Lithium prices have risen in expectation of growing demand for the mineral, which is used in batteries for electric vehicles and for storing electricity from the power grid.
Europe consumes more than 20 per cent of the global supply of battery-grade lithium but currently has to import all its supplies of the mineral.
The so-called reverse circulation drilling program included 15 holes with around 2, metres of total drilling.
The objective is to extend resources by integrating the data from drilling results with the expansion expected with the ongoing campaign.
Wine has been one of the most noted Portuguese exports. The country is the seventh largest exporter of the product worldwide, by value.
Industry is diversified, ranging from automotive Volkswagen Autoeuropa and Peugeot Citroen , aerospace Embraer and OGMA , electronics and textiles , to food , chemicals , cement and wood pulp.
Volkswagen Group's AutoEuropa motor vehicle assembly plant in Palmela is among the largest foreign direct investment projects in Portugal.
Modern non-traditional technology-based industries, such as aerospace , biotechnology and information technology , have been developed in several locations across the country.
Following the turn of the 21st century, many major biotechnology and information technology industries have been founded, and are concentrated in the metropolitan areas of Lisbon , Porto , Braga , Coimbra and Aveiro.
The banking and insurance sectors performed well until the lates financial crisis , and this partly reflected a rapid deepening of the market in Portugal.
While sensitive to various types of market and underwriting risks , it has been estimated that overall both the life and non-life sectors will be able to withstand a number of severe shocks, even though the impact on individual insurers varies widely.
Travel and tourism continue to be extremely important for Portugal. It has been necessary for the country to focus upon its niche attractions, such as health, nature and rural tourism, to stay ahead of its competitors.
Portugal is among the top 20 most-visited countries in the world, receiving an average of 20,, foreign tourists each year. Tourist hotspots in Portugal are: Lisbon attracts the sixteenth-most tourists among European cities  with seven million tourists occupying the city's hotels in Also, between 5—6 million religious pilgrims visit Fatima each year, where apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary to three shepherd children reportedly took place in The Portuguese government continues to promote and develop new tourist destinations, such as the Douro Valley , the island of Porto Santo , and Alentejo.
The legend of the Rooster of Barcelos tells the story of a dead rooster's miraculous intervention in proving the innocence of a man who had been falsely accused and sentenced to death.
The Rooster of Barcelos is bought by many tourists as a souvenir. A number of both national and multinational high-tech and industrial companies, are also responsible for research and development projects.
One of the oldest learned societies of Portugal is the Sciences Academy of Lisbon , founded in Iberian bilateral state-supported research efforts include the International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory and the Ibercivis distributed computing platform, which are joint research programmes of both Portugal and Spain.
Portugal is a member of several pan-European scientific organizations. With the emergence and growth of several science parks throughout the world that helped create many thousands of scientific, technological and knowledge-based businesses, Portugal started to develop several  science parks across the country.
Companies locate in the Portuguese science parks to take advantage of a variety of services ranging from financial and legal advice through to marketing and technological support.
The European Innovation Scoreboard , placed Portugal-based innovation in the 15th position, with an impressive increase in innovation expenditure and output.
By the earlys, Portugal's fast economic growth with increasing consumption and purchase of new automobiles set the priority for improvements in transportation.
Again in the s, after joining the European Economic Community , the country built many new motorways.
Opened in , the first motorway which linked Lisbon to the National Stadium was an innovative project that made Portugal among one of the first countries in the world to establish a motorway this roadway eventually became the Lisbon-Cascais highway, or A5.
Although a few other tracts were created around and , it was only after the beginning of the s that large-scale motorway construction was implemented.
In , Brisa , the highway concessionaire, was founded to handle the management of many of the region's motorways. On many highways, a toll needs to be paid, see Via Verde.
Vasco da Gama bridge is the longest bridge in Europe. Lisbon's geographical position makes it a stopover for many foreign airlines at several airports within the country.
The primary flag-carrier is TAP Air Portugal , although many other domestic airlines provide services within and without the country.
The government decided to build a new airport outside Lisbon, in Alcochete , to replace Lisbon Portela Airport , though this plan has been suspended due to austerity measures.
One other important airport is the Aeroporto Internacional das Lajes on the island of Terceira in the Azores. This airport serves as one of two international airports serving countries outside the European Union for all nine islands of the Azores.
It also serves as a military air base for the United States Air Force. The base remains in use to the present day.
A national railway system that extends throughout the country and into Spain, is supported and administered by Comboios de Portugal.
The two largest metropolitan areas have subway systems: In Porto , a tram network , of which only a tourist line on the shores of the Douro remains, began construction on 12 September a first for the Iberian Peninsula.
All major cities and towns have their own local urban transport network, as well as taxi services. Portugal has considerable resources of wind and river power, the two most cost-effective renewable energy sources.
Since the turn of the 21st century, there has been a trend towards the development of a renewable resource industry and reduction of both consumption and use of fossil fuels.
New programmes combine wind and water: Instead of just delivering electricity, it draws electricity from even the smallest generators, like rooftop solar panels.
The government aggressively encouraged such contributions by setting a premium price for those who buy rooftop-generated solar electricity.
The Statistics Portugal Portuguese: In and according to more up-to-date figures, the population decreased to 10,, A small number of the former Jews may have continued to observe rabbinic Judaism in secret over many generations, in the case of the secret Jews of Belmonte , a small town in the interior; where now people observe the Jewish faith openly.
After the distinction between Old and New Christians was abolished by decree. Another interesting demographic feature relates to the Scandinavian expansion towards the West and strong activity in Northern Portugal where it is believed some coastline communities kept Scandinavian ancestry in Aveiro , Porto and Braga regions.
The most important demographic influence in the modern Portuguese seems to be the oldest one; current interpretation of Y-chromosome and mtDNA data suggests that the Portuguese have their origin in Paleolithic peoples that began arriving to the European continent around 45, years ago.
All subsequent migrations did leave an impact, genetically and culturally, but the main population source of the Portuguese is still Paleolithic.
Genetic studies show Portuguese populations not to be significantly different from other European populations.
With a low confidence range there are Scandinavian and East European genetical markers . Other sources would point out a small presence of Berber and Jewish that would be also part of a low confidence region .
Native Portuguese are an Iberian ethnic group, whose ancestry is very similar to in Spaniards and have strong ties with fellow Atlantic Arc countries like Ireland, British Isles, France and Belgium due maritime trade dated far back as the Bronze Age.
These maritime contacts and the prevalence of R1b haplogroup as the main genetical marker of these countries suggest a common ancestry and cultural proximity.
Other maritime contacts with the Mediterranean specially with Greeks and Phoenicians add particular cultural phenotypes in Southern Portugal and Southern Spain Tartessos culture making both Portugal and Spain a bridge between North Western Europe and the Mediterranean but maintaining the Atlantic character.
The total fertility rate TFR as of [update] was estimated at 1. The structure of Portuguese society is characterized by an increasing inequality which at present places the country in the lowest third of the Social Justice Index for the European Union.
In , Portugal had 10,, inhabitants of whom about , were legal immigrants. Portugal's colonial history has long since been a cornerstone of its national identity, as has its geographic position at the south-western corner of Europe, looking out into the Atlantic Ocean.
It was one of the last western colonial European powers to give up its overseas territories among them Angola and Mozambique in , turning over the administration of Macau to the People's Republic of China at the end of Consequently, it has both influenced and been influenced by cultures from former colonies or dependencies, resulting in immigration from these former territories for both economic and personal reasons.
Portugal, long a country of emigration the vast majority of Brazilians have Portuguese ancestry ,  has now become a country of net immigration,  and not just from the last Indian Portuguese until , African Portuguese until , and Far East Asian Portuguese until overseas territories.
An estimated , Portuguese returned to Portugal as the country's African possessions gained independence in Since the s, along with a boom in construction , several new waves of Ukrainian , Brazilian , Lusophone Africans and other Africans have settled in the country.
Romanian , Moldovans , Kosovar and Chinese have also migrated to the country. Portugal's Romani population is estimated to be at about 40, Numbers of Venezuelan , Pakistani and Indian migrants are also significant.
In addition, a number of EU citizens , mostly from the United Kingdom, other northern European or Nordic countries, have become permanent residents in the country with the British community being mostly composed of retired pensioners who live in the Algarve and Madeira.
According to the Census, In , a study conducted by the Catholic University revealed These figures represent a drop from Many Portuguese holidays, festivals and traditions have a Christian origin or connotation.
Although relations between the Portuguese state and the Roman Catholic Church were generally amiable and stable since the earliest years of the Portuguese nation, their relative power fluctuated.
In the 13th and 14th centuries , the church enjoyed both riches and power stemming from its role in the reconquest , its close identification with early Portuguese nationalism and the foundation of the Portuguese educational system, including its first university.
The growth of the Portuguese overseas empire made its missionaries important agents of colonization , with important roles in the education and evangelization of people from all the inhabited continents.
The growth of liberal and nascent republican movements during the eras leading to the formation of the First Portuguese Republic —26 changed the role and importance of organized religion.
Portugal is a secular state: Other than the Constitution, the two most important documents relating to religious freedom in Portugal are the Concordata later amended in between Portugal and the Holy See and the Religious Freedom Act.
Portuguese is the official language of Portugal. Portuguese is a Romance language that originated in what is now Galicia and Northern Portugal , originating from Galician-Portuguese , which was the common language of the Galician and Portuguese people until the formation of Portugal.
Particularly in the North of Portugal, there are still many similarities between the Galician culture and the Portuguese culture. Galicia is a consultative observer of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.
The Portuguese language is derived from the Latin spoken by the romanized Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula around years ago — particularly the Celts , Tartessians , Lusitanians and Iberians.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, the language spread worldwide as Portugal established a colonial and commercial empire between and These countries, plus Macau Special Administrative Region People's Republic of China where Portuguese is co-official with Cantonese, make up the Lusosphere , a term derived from the ancient Roman province of " Lusitania ", which currently matches the Portuguese territory south of the Douro river.
Mirandese is also recognized as a co-official regional language in some municipalities of North-Eastern Portugal. An estimate of between 6, and 7, Mirandese speakers has been documented for Portugal.
The educational system is divided into preschool for those under age 6 , basic education 9 years, in three stages, compulsory , secondary education 3 years, compulsory since , and higher education subdivided in university and polytechnic education.
Universities are usually organized into faculties. Institutes and schools are also common designations for autonomous subdivisions of Portuguese higher education institutions.
The total adult literacy rate is 99 percent. Portuguese primary school enrollments are percent. According to the Programme for International Student Assessment PISA , the average Portuguese year-old student, when rated in terms of reading literacy, mathematics and science knowledge, is placed significantly above the OECD 's average, at a similar level as those students from Norway, Poland, Denmark and Belgium, with points is the average.
In addition to being a destination for international students , Portugal is also among the top places of origin for international students.
All higher education students, both domestic and international, totaled , in Portuguese universities have existed since The oldest Portuguese university was first established in Lisbon before moving to Coimbra.
Salgueiro Maia to his troops on the evening of 24 to 25 April " There are lots of hats, you idiot!
Elizabeth of Aragon , Queen of Portugal, to King Denis of Portugal when he was about to discover she was feeding the poor with the palace's food " I will resign to prevent the country from falling into a political swamp.
They are killing the Master! There's no third way Carlos Paredes , Portuguese guitar player " Communism fundamentally distinguishes itself from fascism because it was the first O comunismo distingue-se fundamentalmente do fascismo porque foi o primeiro.
Fernando Pessoa , poet " Grenades? This is only smoke.Grifo sorgt für eine Seltenheit in der Bundesliga. Die Wettfreunde tippen auf einen obline casino Zuvor wurde im eigenen Land auch Andorra 5: Social Media Folge Wettfreunde. Mitten drin im Geschehen fa cup modus der bwin Sportwetten-App: Quoten Stand vom Die letzten sechs Quali-Partien gewannen die Südeuropäer allesamt. Die Ungarn können noch gewinnen. Gleichzeitig kann der Europameister mit einem Sieg die Ungarn distanzieren, die ihrerseits mit bereits acht Punkten Rückstand auf den zweiten Rang sehr geringe Chancen auf das Ticket nach Russland besitzen. Die Generalprobe für das Duell mit Portugal glückte. Mal die WM-Trophäe erringen. Bei den Portugiesen fielen bislang immer schon vor der Pause Tore, bei Ungarn in den vergangenen beiden Partien ebenfalls. Dabei agierte Ungarn im und wollte die Defensive so kompakt wie möglich halten. Wer holt den Henkelpott? Portugal — Ungarn 3: Portugal gewinnt in Ungarn.